The purpose of the Roundtable was to review the 2005 AIWF Programme Report & Recommendations, ‘Women as Engines of Economic Growth in the Arab World’ and to discuss its impact, assess the extent to which recommendations in the Report have been implemented by stakeholders and advocate their full implementation. Key partners, stakeholders and contributors to the 2005 Programme were invited to participate in the review. Leading European and Arab organisations were involved in the 2005 Programme which featured two linked conferences: ‘Ten Years After Barcelona: Empowering Women as Catalysts for Economic Development’ held at the European Parliament in Brussels and ‘Women and Integrated Rural Development’ held at the League of Arab States in Cairo which culminated in the 2005 Report & Recommendations. The actionable recommendations that came forward at the conferences represented a significant body of opinion. The actionable recommendations that came forward at the conferences represented a significant body of opinion, with participants representing the World Bank, the League of Arab States and IBM.